We present speed out-of-phase imaging after optical modulation (OPIOM), which exploits reversible photoswitchable fluorophores as fluorescent labels and combines optimized periodic illumination with phase-sensitive detection to specifically retrieve the label signal. Speed OPIOM can extract the fluorescence emission from a targeted label in the presence of spectrally interfering fluorophores and autofluorescence. Up to four fluorescent proteins exhibiting a similar green fluorescence have been distinguished in cells either sequentially or in parallel. Speed OPIOM is compatible with imaging biological processes in real time in live cells. Finally speed OPIOM is not limited to microscopy but is relevant for remote imaging as well, in particular, under ambient light. Thus, speed OPIOM has proved to enable fast and quantitative live microscopic and remote-multiplexed fluorescence imaging of biological samples while filtering out noise, interfering fluorophores, as well as ambient light.
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Au-delà des frontières de la bioimagerie !
Resonant out-of-phase fluorescence microscopy and remote imaging overcome spectral limitations
Jérôme Quérard, Ruikang Zhang, Zsolt Kelemen, Marie-Aude Plamont, Xiaojiang Xie, Raja Chouket, Insa Roemgens, Yulia Korepina, Samantha Albright, Eliane Ipendey, Michel Volovitch, Hanna L. Sladitschek, Pierre Neveu, Lionel Gissot, Arnaud Gautier, Jean-Denis Faure, Vincent Croquette, Thomas Le Saux & Ludovic Jullien
Nature Communications 8, 969 (2017)