Capacity of type I and II ligands to confer to estrogen receptor alpha an appropriate conformation for the recruitment of coactivators containing a LxxLL motif-Relationship with the regulation of receptor level and ERE-dependent transcription in MCF-7 cel

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TitleCapacity of type I and II ligands to confer to estrogen receptor alpha an appropriate conformation for the recruitment of coactivators containing a LxxLL motif-Relationship with the regulation of receptor level and ERE-dependent transcription in MCF-7 cel
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBourgoin-Voillard, S, Gallo D, Laios I, Cleeren A, El Bali L, Jacquot Y, Nonclercq D, Laurent G, Tabet JC, Leclercq G
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume79
Issue5
Pagination746-757
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number0006-2952
Accession NumberISI:000273831800010
Abstract

Estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) belongs to the superfamily of nuclear receptors and as such acts as a ligand-modulated transcription factor. Ligands elicit in ER alpha conformational changes leading to the recruitment of coactivators required for the transactivation of target genes via cognate response elements. In many cells, activated ERa also undergoes downregulation by proteolysis mediated by the ubiquitin/proteasome system. Although these various molecular processes have been well characterized, little is known as to which extent they are interrelated. In the present study, we used a panel of type I (estradiol derivatives and "linear", non-steroidal ligands) and type II ("angular" ligands) estrogens, in order to identify possible relationships between ligand binding affinity, recruitment of LxxLL-containing coactivators, ER alpha downregulation in MCF-7 cells and related transactivation activity of ligand-bound ER alpha. For type I estrogens, there was a clear-cut relationship between ligand binding affinity, hydrophobicity around C-11 of estradiol and ability of ER alpha to associate with LxxLL motifs, both in cell-free condition and in vivo (MCF-7 cells). Moreover, LxxLL motif recruitment by ER alpha seemed to be a prerequisite for the downregulation of the receptor. By contrast, type II ligands, as well as estradiol derivatives bearing a bulky side chain at 11 beta, had much less tendency to promote ER alpha-LxxLL interaction or even behaved as antagonists in this respect, in agreement with the well known partial estrogenicity/antiestrogenicity of some of these compounds. Interestingly, some type II ligands which antagonized LxxLL motif recruitment were nonetheless able to enhance ER alpha-mediated gene transactivation. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

URL<Go to ISI>://000273831800010
DOI10.1016/j.bcp.2009.10.015
Short TitleCapacity of type I and II ligands to confer to estrogen receptor alpha an appropriate conformation for the recruitment of coactivators containing a LxxLL motif-Relationship with the regulation of receptor level and ERE-dependent transcription in MCF-7 cel
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