Primary photodynamics of a biomimetic model of photoactive yellow protein (PYP)

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TitrePrimary photodynamics of a biomimetic model of photoactive yellow protein (PYP)
Type de publicationJournal Article
Nouvelles publications2010
AuteursChangenet-Barret P, Loukou C, Ley C, Lacombat F, Plaza P, Mallet J-M, Martina MM
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Accession NumberISI:000282972400040

The present work aims at characterizing the photophysical behavior of a first biomimetic cyclodextrin model (CD-PYP1) of the photoactive site of photoactive yellow protein (PYP). The hydrophobic cyclodextrin cavity in which the chromophore self-includes, mimics its local environment within the protein. The photoinduced behavior of deprotonated CD-PYP1 (dp-CD-PYP1) has been probed by femtosecond transient-absorption spectroscopy and compared to those of the free deprotonated chromophore (pCT(-)) and of wild-type PYP. The excited-state deactivation of dp-CD-PYP1 is found to be non-exponential, with slower time components and higher quantum yield of fluorescence than pCT(-). Like in PYP, the non-exponential decay is attributed to ground-state structural heterogeneities of the self-inclusion complexes. A long-lived photoproduct is observed in the transient spectra of dp-CD-PYP1 and identified as the cis isomer. The isomerization quantum yield of dp-CD-PYP1 is estimated to be about 4%, in contrast with the free chromophore in solution which does not photoisomerize at all. This demonstrates the active role of the cyclodextrin environment to promote the photoisomerization of the chromophore, as is thought to be the case for wild-type PYP. The effects of chromophore inclusion in the cyclodextrin on the photoinduced processes are rationalized within the framework of recent theoretical calculations involving two competitive deactivation channels: (i) trans to cis isomerization and (ii) rotation of the phenolate group, leading to trans ground-state recovery. Inclusion is proposed to favor isomerization by hindering the rotation of the phenolate group. Optimizing the structure of this first model in order to better reproduce the primary photoresponse of PYP thus appears very promising.

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