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How to unveil self-quenched fluorophores and subsequently map the subcellular distribution of exogenous peptides

Scientific  Reports, 2016 Feb 3 ; 6:20237

 

Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) is the most popular technique for mapping the subcellular distribution of a fluorescent molecule and is widely used to investigate the penetration properties of exogenous macromolecules, such as cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), within cells. Despite the membrane-association propensity of all these CPPs, the signal of the fluorescently labeled CPPs did not colocalize with the plasma membrane. We studied the origin of this fluorescence extinction and the overall consequence on the interpretation of intracellular localizations from CLSM pictures. We demonstrated that this discrepancy originated from fluorescence self-quenching. The fluorescence was unveiled by a “dilution” protocol, i.e. by varying the ratio fluorescent/non-fluorescent CPP. This strategy allowed us to rank with confidence the subcellular distribution of several CPPs, contributing to the elucidation of the penetration mechanism. More generally, this study proposes a broadly applicable and reliable method to study the subcellular distribution of any fluorescently labeled molecules.

Photophysical properties of single core multimodal probe for imaging (SCoMPI) in a membrane model and in cells

Dalton Transactions2016, 45, 2791

 

The spectroscopic properties of two luminescent Re(I) tricarbonyl complexes conjugated with two cell-penetrating peptides were examined. Fluorescence experiments and IR quanti!cation in membrane models and in cells showed unexpectedly strong luminescence enhancement for one of the complexes in a lipid environment.

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Spin Noise Detection of Nuclear Hyperpolarization at 1.2 K

 

ChemPhysChem Volume 16, Issue 18, December 2015, Pages 3859–3864

 

We report proton spin noise spectra of a hyperpolarized solid sample of commonly used “DNP (dynamic nuclear polarization) juice” containing TEMPOL (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine N-oxide) and irradiated by a microwave field at a temperature of 1.2 K in a magnetic field of 6.7 T. The line shapes of the spin noise power spectra are sensitive to the variation of the microwave irradiation frequency and change from dip to bump, when the electron Larmor frequency is crossed, which is shown to be in good accordance with theory by simulations. Small but significant deviations from these predictions are observed, which can be related to spin noise and radiation damping phenomena that have been reported in thermally polarized systems. The non-linear dependence of the spin noise integral on nuclear polarization provides a means to monitor hyperpolarization semi-quantitatively without any perturbation of the spin system by radio frequency irradiation.

Proteomic comparison of the EWS-FLI1 expressing cells EF with NIH-3T3 and actin remodeling effect of (R/W)9 cell-penetrating peptide

 

EuPA Open Proteomics 2016;10:1-8

 

EWS-FLI1 expression in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts has a profound impact on the phenotype, resulting in the cytoskeleton and adhesive capacity disorganization (EF cells). Besides this, (R/W)9, a cell-penetrating peptide (CPP), has an intrinsic actin remodeling activity in EF cells. To evaluate the impact of the oncogenic protein EWS-FLI1 on proteins expression levels, a quantitative comparison of tumoral EF and non-tumoral 3T3 proteomes was performed. Then to see if we could link the EWS-FLI1 oncogenic transformation to the phenotype reversion induced by (R/W)9, (R/W)9 influence on EF cells proteome was assessed. To our knowledge no such “CPPomic” study has been performed before.